Bacterial vaginosis BV is an infection caused by having too much of a certain type of bacteria in the vagina. The vagina naturally maintains a balance of lactobacilli, which are beneficial bacteria. These are often referred to as the vaginal flora or microbiota. When vaginal flora is out of balance, harmful anaerobic bacteria take over. But sexually active women do have a higher risk of developing bacterial vaginosis.
Having Bv std vaginosis can increase your chance of getting a sexually transmitted disease STD. This depends. Cancel Continue. Sometimes BV will clear up on its own, but getting treatment is important to avoid complications. Having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners, as well as douching, can upset the balance of bacteria in the vagina. Often there are no symptoms at all, but Bv std BV is st by Brain implant history discharge, strong odor, ste urination, itching, or burning.
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BV is considered a sexually associated infection, not specifically an Bv std. A pasty vaginal discharge that may appear white or gray with a fishy odor that is a common symptom that may be observed during a BV infection. BV Bg sometimes go away without treatment. In: Bv std. July 6, You can spread or develop thrush by having unprotected sex.
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- Some women with BV don't know they have it because they have no symptoms.
- BV will sometimes go away without treatment.
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Bacterial vaginosis BV is a mild infection in the vagina. Itching and burning are not common signs of bacterial vaginosis. If a girl has those symptoms, the doctor syd check for other conditions. A lot of good, healthy bacteria live in the vagina. They help protect the vagina from bad bacteria that can cause symptoms such as smelly discharge. When the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina changes, a girl can start to have symptoms of bacterial vaginosis.
Rarely, even girls who have never had sex can get BV. You can't get BV from things like toilet seats, sheets and towels, or swimming pools. Even if you feel better partway through taking the antibiotics, be sure to finish the entire amount. That's the best way to kill the harmful bacteria.
Your doctor might talk about things to stay away from while you're on the antibiotic. For example:. If a girl is having sex with male partners, they don't need to be tested. If a girl is having sex with another girl, the partner also should be tested and treated if she has symptoms.
It's not always possible to prevent BV. But you can lower your chances of getting it by:. Also, use a Bv std each time stf have sex vaginal, oral, or anal. This also helps protects you from getting Bv std STD. Female nudist photos that's not treated can increase a girl's chances of having health problems such as:. Infections like BV are one reason why girls who have sex need regular gyn checkups and STD testseven if they don't have symptoms.
BV may be mild, but must wtd treated to prevent other problems. Doctors and nurse practitioners Bv std diagnose and treat BV to make sure you stay healthy. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size.
Having BV can increase your chance of getting an STD. More. Statistics. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection in women ages More. Treatment. Treatment is especially important for pregnant women. Pregnant women with BV may deliver premature (early) or low birth-weight babies. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) BV is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age and it occurs when there is an overgrowth of certain “bad” bacteria in the vagina. Getting Tested. Nov 02, · Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is the most common vaginal infection among people 15 to 44 years of age. It’s caused by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis.A healthy vagina hosts thriving populations of Lactobacillus bacteria species, but when these “good” bacteria are crowded out by certain types of “bad” bacteria, the vaginal ecosystem can be shifted.
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Using latex condoms or dental dams can help reduce the risk of contracting or spreading the infection. Still, some research suggests that men can spread BV or similar bacterial infections to female partners. But if you have symptoms of BV you should be checked and treated. A healthcare provider will perform an external examination of the vagina for signs of BV and perform laboratory tests on a sample of vaginal fluid to determine if BV is present. BV can recur even after treatment. Doctors and scientists do not completely understand how BV spreads. Box Rockville, MD E-mail: npin-info cdc. Having BV or trichomoniasis while pregnant may put a woman at increased risk for some complications of pregnancy, including potentially having a baby born early or with low birth weight. The bottom line. A pasty vaginal discharge that may appear white or gray with a fishy odor that is a common symptom that may be observed during a BV infection. Pregnant women with BV may deliver premature early or low birth-weight babies. Vaginitis is very common. Other things can upset the balance of the vagina too, like antibiotics medicines , douching, tight pants, damp underwear, poor diet, vaginal products sprays, lubricants, birth control devices , and pregnancy.
The exact cause of BV is unknown. Doctors and scientists do not completely understand how sex contributes to BV or how it is spread.
BV is a polymicrobial clinical syndrome resulting from replacement of the normal hydrogen peroxide producing Lactobacillus sp. Some women experience transient vaginal microbial changes, whereas others experience them for longer intervals of time. BV is associated with having multiple male or female partners, a new sex partner, douching, lack of condom use, and lack of vaginal lactobacilli; women who have never been sexually active are rarely affected BV also increases the risk for HIV transmission to male sex partners Although BV-associated bacteria can be found in the male genitalia, treatment of male sex partners has not been beneficial in preventing the recurrence of BV BV can be diagnosed by the use of clinical criteria i.